10 backend programming languages ​​you should know in 2022

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by Sayantani Sanyal


January 13, 2022

Learn these programming languages ​​to perform effective backend development.

Backend development includes the process of using languages ​​and frameworks to facilitate the development of robust systems for web applications. Web development activities in the background of programs are called background development. It covers server-side web application logic and integration activities, such as writing APIs, building libraries, and working with system components, unlike front-end development. Backend developers create code using programming languages ​​that allow databases and applications to communicate with each other. With the increasing development of technology, the usefulness of backend programming languages ​​is increasing. In this article, we have listed the best backend programming languages ​​that aspiring professionals should learn in 2022.

JavaScript is one of the most reliable programming languages. Coders and developers use this language for server-side and frontend tasks. It offers many advantages including rich interfaces, virtual availability of huge resources, and interoperability. Moreover, it is also considered as one of the best programming languages ​​in the industry.

Python is quite famous among individuals for its compatibility with advanced technologies such as machine learning, IoT, data science, and others. Major tech giants rely on Python for its functionality. One of its main advantages is that it can be used for web development due to its vast collection of standard libraries which makes the work of developers more efficient and easier.

Ruby is another widely used programming language for backend development. Time efficiency is one of the main advantages of using Ruby. The language facilitates users with a variety of coding tools to speed up the backend development process. Ruby is a convenient programming language where data types are not defined when declaring variables.

Java is another ideal programming language. It is an object-oriented programming language widely used for developing enterprise-scale web applications, desktop applications, scientific applications, and more. The main advantage of using Java is that it offers multithreading which allows two or more threads to run concurrently to maximize CPU usage.

PHP is an open source server-side scripting language specifically designed for web development. The language does not require a compiler and includes features like cross-platform compatibility, OOPs, and supports various standard databases like MySQL, SQLite, and others.

Rust is known for being a multi-paradigm programming language. The language guarantees memory safety by using a borrow checker to validate references to itself. Error messages are much more obvious in Rust than in other programming languages.

Kotlin is a well-known programming language which is particularly used for Android application development. The language allows developers to add extensions to classes without modifying the source code. Kotlin is quite good at writing complex programs.

C# is one of the most widely used languages ​​for building system backends due to its amazing features like Windows server automation. It is quite efficient to use as it can execute codes faster. Other features that make the language special include cross-platform compatibility, garbage data, and value collection, to name a few.

Solidity is another useful programming language used for writing complex programs and applications. The language is mostly preferred by experts and professionals who focus on developing blockchain or contract applications.

Perl is a general-purpose programming language originally designed for text manipulation. But it is used for various activities including system administration, network programming, web development, building GUIs and much more. Perl can handle encrypted web data that enables secure e-commerce transactions.

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